Stridor is usually the result of a narrowed or partially blocked airway, the passage that connects the mouth to the lungs. The condition is most common in newborns, infants, and toddlers because their airways are narrower—so even a small blockage can interfere with easy breathing.
Do babies outgrow stridor?
Infants with mild laryngomalacia usually outgrow the stridor by 12 to 18 months of age. Even though your infant may have mild laryngomalacia, it is still important to watch for signs and symptoms of worsening laryngomalacia.
How do you treat stridor in babies?
How is stridor treated in a child?
- Referral to an ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT)
- Surgery, if the stridor is severe.
- Medicines by mouth or shots to help decrease the swelling in the airways or treat an infection.
- Hospital stay and emergency surgery, depending on how severe the stridor is.
How common is baby stridor?
More than half of infants have noisy breathing during the first week of life. Most other babies have it within 2 to 4 weeks of birth. It is rare, but laryngomalacia can happen in older children or adults, usually those with other medical problems.
Is stridor an emergency?
Inspiratory stridor is often a medical emergency. Assessment of vital signs and degree of respiratory distress is the first step. In some cases, securing the airway may be necessary before or in parallel with the physical examination.
What is stridor a sign of?
Stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is a sign that the upper airway is partially blocked. It may involve the nose, mouth, sinuses, voice box (larynx), or windpipe (trachea).
When is stridor serious?
Call your doctor right away if your child has these symptoms: Stridor that gets worse the first 4 to 8 months. Feeding problems like choking or inhaling food. Low weight.
How do I know if my baby has stridor?
The noisy breathing often sounds like a high-pitched wheezing or whistling, and may be audible when a child inhales, exhales, or both. Stridor is usually the result of a narrowed or partially blocked airway, the passage that connects the mouth to the lungs.
How is stridor treated?
How is stridor treated?
- refer you to an ear, nose, and throat specialist.
- provide oral or injected medication to decrease swelling in the airway.
- recommend hospitalization or surgery in severe cases.
- require more monitoring.
Does stridor go away on its own?
In most cases, congenital laryngeal stridor is a harmless condition that goes away on its own. Although not common, some babies develop severe breathing problems which need treatment. Treatment may include medicines, a hospital stay, or surgery. Treatment will depend on your baby’s symptoms, age, and general health.
Is stridor life-threatening?
Stridor is usually diagnosed based on health history and a physical exam. The child may need a hospital stay and emergency surgery, depending on how severe the stridor is. If left untreated, stridor can block the child’s airway. This can be life-threatening or even cause death.
Is stridor a sign of respiratory distress?
Stridor is of sudden onset and is life-threatening. There may also be paroxysmal coughing, gagging or choking, hoarseness, wheezing, tachycardia and other signs of respiratory distress. Patients are usually anxious and distressed.
How do you treat stridor at home?
One of the best things to do when you’re at home is get the shower all steamed up and get your child in the bathroom, because warm, moist air seems to work best to relax the vocal cords and break the stridor. A humidifier, not a hot vaporizer, but a cool mist humidifier also will help with getting the swelling down.
When should you go to the ER for stridor?
Call 911 or an ambulance right away if your child:
Makes a whistling sound (called stridor) that gets louder with each breath. Cannot speak because of a lack of breath. Seems to struggle to get a breath. Has a bluish color of the lips, mouth, or fingernails.
Why is stridor an emergency?
When a patient with stridor presents to the emergency department (ED), the most probable differential diagnosis that comes to mind would be vocal cord paralysis, organic upper airway obstruction (tumor, abscess, infections, and allergic reaction), or a foreign body in the airway.
What medication is used for stridor?
Your child’s doctor may prescribe two or three days of anti-inflammatory medications called corticosteroids if noisy breathing is caused by croup. These medications reduce swelling around the vocal cords to ease symptoms. The pediatrician prescribes this medication as a liquid, which your child takes twice a day.