Question: Which clinical manifestation is found in a child with spastic cerebral palsy quizlet?

Spastic CP is the most common clinical type. Early manifestations are usually generalized hypotonia, or decreased tone that lasts for a few weeks or may extend for months or as long as 1 year. It is replaced by increased stretch reflexes, increased muscle tone, and weakness.

Which clinical manifestation is found in a child with spastic cerebral palsy?

Spastic cerebral palsy is a developmental disorder caused by damage to the brain before birth, during delivery, or within the first few years of life. This condition prevents the normal development of motor function. Spastic CP is characterized by jerky movements, muscle tightness and joint stiffness.

What is the most common cause of cerebral palsy CP )? Quizlet?

Approximately 80% of CP is caused by unknown prenatal causes. Neonatal encephalopathy in term and preterm infants is believed to play a significant role in the development of CP. CNS diseases such as meningitis or encephalitis can result in CP. Birth asphyxia does contribute to some cases of CP.

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What does spastic cerebral palsy affect?

Spastic CP is the most common. Kids with spastic CP have stiff muscles. These may be in the upper part of the body, the lower part, or both. They can be on one or both sides of the body. Other types of cerebral palsy can lead to writhing movements (dyskinetic CP) or problems with balance and walking (ataxic CP).

What are the symptoms associated with cerebral palsy?


  • Variations in muscle tone, such as being either too stiff or too floppy.
  • Stiff muscles and exaggerated reflexes (spasticity)
  • Stiff muscles with normal reflexes (rigidity)
  • Lack of balance and muscle coordination (ataxia)
  • Tremors or involuntary movements.
  • Slow, writhing movements.


What are the 3 main types of cerebral palsy?

There are several different types of cerebral palsy — spastic, ataxic, athetoid, hypotonic, and mixed cerebral palsy. These conditions are classified based on mobility limitations and affected body parts. Each type can vary in severity, symptoms, and treatment.

What are the 4 types of cerebral palsy?

There are four main types of CP:

  • Spastic Cerebral Palsy. …
  • Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy (also includes athetoid, choreoathetoid, and dystonic cerebral palsies) …
  • Ataxic Cerebral Palsy. …
  • Mixed Cerebral Palsy. …
  • In a Baby Younger Than 6 Months of Age. …
  • In a Baby Older Than 6 Months of Age. …
  • In a Baby Older Than 10 Months of Age.

What food is good for cerebral palsy?

The diet for individuals with CP should include: Calcium-rich foods such as milk, yogurt, cheese, and calcium-supplemented fruit juices. Vitamin D-rich foods such as fish, fish liver oil, vitamin-D supplemented milk, orange juice, and cereals.

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What are the risk factors of cerebral palsy?

What are the risk factors for cerebral palsy?

  • Low birth weight or preterm birth. …
  • Multiple gestations. …
  • Infertility treatments. …
  • Infections during pregnancy.

What causes cerebral palsy babies?

The cause of Cerebral Palsy is a brain injury or brain malformation that occurs while the brain is developing — before, during, or after birth. As a result of the brain damage during brain development a child’s muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance can be affected.

What does spastic cerebral palsy look like?

Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type of cerebral palsy. The muscles of people with spastic cerebral palsy feel stiff and their movements may look stiff and jerky. Spasticity is a form of hypertonia, or increased muscle tone. This results in stiff muscles which can make movement difficult or even impossible.

What is the most common contracture in a patient with cerebral palsy?

Results. Overall, 83 % of patients had upper limb involvement, 36 % had a demonstrable contracture and 69 % had reduced hand control. The most common contracture patterns were the thumb in palm with clasp hand, shoulder adduction with internal rotation and wrist flexion with pronation.

What is the mildest form of cerebral palsy?

Mild – Mild Cerebral Palsy means a child can move without assistance; his or her daily activities are not limited. Moderate – Moderate Cerebral Palsy means a child will need braces, medications, and adaptive technology to accomplish daily activities.

Can a child outgrow mild cerebral palsy?

In some children with cerebral palsy, especially those who are mildly affected, brain imaging tests show no abnormalities, suggesting that microscopically small areas of brain damage can cause symptoms. About half of babies who are diagnosed with mild cerebral palsy appear to outgrow their symptoms.

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What is the life expectancy of someone with cerebral palsy?

Many children with milder forms of cerebral palsy have average survival times similar to those of the general population. Children with mild cerebral palsy have a 99% chance of living to 20 years old, whereas children with severe cerebral palsy have a 40% chance, according to Dr. Ananya Mandal.

At what age does cerebral palsy appear?

The signs of cerebral palsy usually appear in the first few months of life, but many children are not diagnosed until age 2 or later. In general, early signs of cerebral palsy include1,2: Developmental delays.

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