Anemia is a common health problem in children. The most common cause of anemia is not getting enough iron. A child who is anemic does not have enough red blood cells or enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that lets red blood cells carry oxygen to other cells in the body. Iron is needed to form hemoglobin.
Why would a child’s hemoglobin be low?
Decreased red blood cells or hemoglobin levels may be due to: Inherited red blood cell defects. Infections. Some diseases.
What disease causes low hemoglobin?
Diseases and conditions that cause your body to produce fewer red blood cells than normal include:
- Aplastic anemia.
- Certain medications, such as antiretroviral drugs for HIV infection and chemotherapy drugs for cancer and other conditions.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease)
Is low hemoglobin serious?
In many cases, a low hemoglobin count that’s only slightly lower than normal doesn’t affect how you feel. A low hemoglobin count that’s more severe and causes symptoms might mean you have anemia.
When is low hemoglobin level critical?
A low level of hemoglobin in the blood relates directly to a low level of oxygen. In the United States, anemia is diagnosed if a blood test finds less than 13.5 g/dL in a man or less than 12 g/dL in a woman. In children, normal levels vary according to age.
What should a child’s hemoglobin level be?
Normal ranges are as follows: Children: 11-13 gm/dL. Adult males: 14-18 gm/dL. Adult women: 12-16 gm/dL.
What were your child’s first symptoms of leukemia?
The common symptoms of childhood leukemia include the following:
- Bruising and bleeding. A child with leukemia may bleed more than expected after a minor injury or nosebleed. …
- Stomachache and poor appetite. …
- Trouble breathing. …
- Frequent infections. …
- Swelling. …
- Bone and joint pain. …
What is the side effect of low hemoglobin?
Hemoglobin, the substance that gives color to red blood cells, is the substance that allows for the transport of oxygen throughout the body. Low hemoglobin levels lead to anemia, which causes symptoms like fatigue and trouble breathing.
What are the symptoms of low hemoglobin?
Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia
- general fatigue.
- pale skin.
- shortness of breath.
- strange cravings to eat items that aren’t food, such as dirt, ice, or clay.
- a tingling or crawling feeling in the legs.
- tongue swelling or soreness.
How do you treat low hemoglobin?
Treatment might include oxygen, pain relievers, and oral and intravenous fluids to reduce pain and prevent complications. Doctors might also recommend blood transfusions, folic acid supplements and antibiotics. A cancer drug called hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea, Siklos) also is used to treat sickle cell anemia.
What is a critical hemoglobin level?
An Hb value less than 5.0 g/dL (50 g/L) can lead to heart failure and death. A value greater than 20 g/dL (200 g/L) can lead to obstruction of the capillaries as a result of hemoconcentration.
How can I raise my hemoglobin fast?
How to increase hemoglobin
- meat and fish.
- soy products, including tofu and edamame.
- dried fruits, such as dates and figs.
- green leafy vegetables, such as kale and spinach.
- green beans.
- nuts and seeds.
How low can your hemoglobin go before you need a blood transfusion?
Often, one unit of blood is enough. Some doctors believe that hospital patients who fall below 10 g/dL should get a blood transfusion. But recent research found that: Many patients with levels between 7 and 10 g/dL may not need a blood transfusion.
What are the signs that you need a blood transfusion?
You might need a blood transfusion if you’ve had a problem such as:
- A serious injury that’s caused major blood loss.
- Surgery that’s caused a lot of blood loss.
- Blood loss after childbirth.
- A liver problem that makes your body unable to create certain blood parts.
- A bleeding disorder such as hemophilia.
What foods to avoid if you have low hemoglobin?
Foods to avoid
- tea and coffee.
- milk and some dairy products.
- whole-grain cereals.
- foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum.
- foods rich in gluten, such as pasta and other products made with wheat, barley, rye, or oats.
What are the stages of anemia?
The Three Stages Of Iron Deficiency
- Part 1 – The Various Stages Of Iron Deficiency.
- Stage 1 – Storage Depletion – Lower than expected blood ferritin levels. …
- Stage 2 – Mild Deficiency- During the second stage of iron deficiency, transport iron ( known as transferrin) decreases.